Avenger Bed Bug Killer eliminates bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) without harsh pesticides found in many traditional treatment methods. Most bed bug treatment products use Permethrins and Pyrethrins. The active ingredients in Nature's Avenger Bed Bug Killer are 100% natural plant extracts of Euginia Carophylla (clove), and Mentha Piperita (peppermint). Nature's Avenger Bed Bug Killer kills all forms of bed bugs – adults, nymphs and eggs>within minutes of application. After vacuuming, simply spray onto any suspected bed bug surfaces such as cracks, the entire bed frame, underneath the bed, any nearby wood surfaces and even the baseboards of the bedroom. Make sure you treat the mattress – use>light application of Bed Bug Killer. Apply the spray on the tufts, folds and seams of the mattress. The underside of the box spring may be sprayed as well. If there is any other furniture in the room, treat each upholstered piece as if it were>bed. Make sure to treat cracks and crevices in wooden furniture. Redo application in two weeks. Stubborn infestations may take three applications. The 24 oz. is generally adequate to treat>small bedroom once.